The group of people eligible for application of citizenship had to live in singapore or british malaya for 5 out of 8 years preceding the application, had to be of good character, understand and speak the english or malay language and had to take an oath of allegiance to the malayan union. The federation of malaya, which comprised the nine malay states and the straits settlements of penang and malacca, was inaugurated on 1 february 1948 to replace the malayan union  the exclusion of singapore, which remained a separate crown colony, was the sole feature of the malayan union that was retained in the new federation. The pan-malayan council of joint action (pmcja) was initially established as the council of joint action (cja) on 14 december 1946  the cja was set up as a united front to challenge the anglo-malay proposals for a federation of malaya to replace the malayan union [2.
The territories on peninsular malaysia were first unified as the malayan union in 1946 malaya was restructured as the federation of malaya in 1948, and achieved independence on 31 august 1957 malaya united with north borneo, sarawak, and singapore on 16 september 1963, with si being added to give the new country the name malaysia. Comparison between federation of malaya 1948 and malayan union introduction the federation of malaya (malay: persekutuan tanah melayu) is the name given to a federation of 11 states (nine malay states and two of the british straits settlements, penang and malacca) that existed from 1 february 1948 until 16 september 1963. Federation of malaya replaces malayan union on 31st january 1948, the malayan union ceased and was replaced by the federation of malaya where the federation recognized the existence of component states, restored power and position to the sultans as constitutional monarchs, and recognised the special position of the malays as indigenous people. Federation of malaya replacing malayan union by amira amir, kuala lumpur what is malayan union malayan union, a federation that brings a lot of protest among the malayan citizens will be form january, 1948.
The malayan emergency (malay: darurat malaya) was a guerrilla war fought in pre- and post-independence federation of malaya, from 1948 until 1960 the belligerents were the commonwealth armed forces against the malayan national liberation army (mnla), the military arm of the malayan communist party (mcp. Little difference between colony and protectorate what was the structure of the malayan union and the federation of malaya prior to the 1955 election could someone please compare between the. The combination of states that formerly made up the federation of malaya is currently known as peninsular malaysiahistoryfrom 1946 to 1948, the 11 states formed a single british crown colony known as the malayan union[5. Pdf | putera-amcja was a coalition of political organisation, comprising of various race- based political parties, namely, the malayan democratic union (mdu), malayan indian congress (mic.
From the background of the constitution 1948 of the federation of malaya constitution is replaced by the reid commission 1956, which is formulated to the new constitution to dissolution from the malayan union. The federation of malaya (malay: persekutuan tanah melayu) is the name given to a federation of 11 states (nine state sand two of the british straits settlements, penang and malacca) that existed from 31 january 1948 until 16 september 1963. The malayan emergency was a guerrilla war fought against communist terrorists in pre- and post-independence federation of malaya, from 1948 until 1960 the communists wanted to turn malaya into a communist state then and resorted to using force for the purpose. The malayan union is the federation of the nine protectorates of the malay peninsula under supervision and protection the united kingdom and imperial commonwealth federation (icf) it shares part of the peninsula with the straits settlements to the north, the malayan union shares a land and. Malaya comparison is made with the position before the war an effort was made in 1946 to create a malayan union with the federation of malaya and the.
Resistance to the malayan union campaign led to the formation of the united malays national organization (umno), which persuaded the british to replace the malayan union with a federation, one with more restrictive citizenship requirements that would safeguard the special position of malays and the sovereignty of the malay rulers. 1948 the malayan union was replaced by the federation of malaya, which restored the autonomy of the rulers of malay states under british protection 1948-1960 the malayan emergency as mostly the chinese rebels under the leadership of the malayan communist party launched guerrilla attacks in order to force the british out of malaya. It came into being in 1946, through a series of agreements between the united kingdom and malayan union, the malayan union was superseded by the federation of malaya on 1 february 1948, and achieved independence within the commonwealth of nations on 31 august 1957.
Independence of malaya union malayan union was dissolved 1 february 1948 february 1956 27 july 1955 a working committee was established to draw up a new. Malayan emergency: malayan emergency, (1948-60), period of unrest following the creation of the federation of malaya (precursor of malaysia) in 1948 after world war ii the federation of malaya was formed through the unification of several former british territories, including sabah and sarawak. From 1946 to 1948, the 11 states formed a single british crown colony known as the malayan uniondue to opposition from malay nationalists, the union was disbanded and replaced by the federation of malaya, which restored the symbolic positions of the rulers of the malay states.
After the period of enemy occupation the malayan union was set up in 1946 under an order-in-council of the federation of malaya in 1948, in which each. The malayan union and the federation of malaya, which replaced the malayan union in 1948, gathered all british territories on the malayan peninsula under a single government. The federation of malaya: an alternative union the proposal for an alternative federation of malaya was raised in a series of meetings between the malay rulers, british officials and umno leaders the outcome of these discussions was the formation of a federation that promised to uphold the sovereignty of the sultans, the individuality of the.